Proper maintenance is the key to maximising the lifespan and performance of any seeding equipment, machinery, or tractor. Neglecting regular maintenance can lead to breakdowns, reduced efficiency, and costly repairs. Here’s the shortlist of best practices for maintaining your valuable agricultural assets, based on expert recommendations.

  1. Cleaning and Storage: After completing the sowing season, begin by thoroughly cleaning all equipment. Remove any debris, soil, or plant residue that may have accumulated during the operation. Pay particular attention to seed hoppers, planting components, such as discs, and precision metering systems. Cleaning residue off these parts with brushes/and or a pressure cleaner will help prevent blockages and maintain accuracy for future use. Additionally, ensure that all machinery is properly stored in a dry and secure area to protect against weather-related damage.
  2. Inspecting and Lubricating: Regular inspections are crucial for catching any potential issues early on. Inspect all moving components, including chains, gears, belts, and bearings, for wear and tear. Replace or repair any damaged or worn parts promptly. Checking for loose or missing bolts, nuts, and fasteners is essential, as they can compromise the overall integrity of the machinery.

Follow the manufacturer’s guidelines for lubrication to ensure proper functioning. Applying lubricants to key areas like pivot points, bearings, and chains will reduce friction, minimize heat buildup, and extend the lifespan of important components.

  1. Calibrating and Testing: Precision is vital in seeding operations. To maintain accuracy, regularly calibrate the meters, gauges, and other measurement devices. Verify that seed rates and depths remain consistent, as well as spacings. By testing your equipment regularly, you can identify any discrepancies or malfunctions and make necessary adjustments or seek support.
  2. Maintain any Hydraulics and Electrical Systems: Hydraulic hoses and electrical connections should be inspected for leaks, damages, or loose connections. Hydraulic fluids should be checked and changed as recommended by the manufacturer. Keeping these systems in top condition will ensure the smooth operation of machinery and prevent costly breakdowns.
  3. Regular Servicing and Scheduled Maintenance: Adhering to the manufacturer’s recommended service intervals is vital for the long-term health of your equipment. The regular maintenance tasks should include changing filters, replacing worn parts, testing systems, and checking for hydraulic fluid and oil levels. Scheduled maintenance will save you money by preventing major issues and extending the life expectancy of your machinery.

Proper maintenance of seeding equipment, machinery, and tractors plays a significant role in maintaining their efficiency, accuracy, and longevity. Through regular cleaning, inspection, lubrication, calibration, and scheduled maintenance, you can minimise downtime, reduce costs, and maximise productivity on the field. Always remember to consult the equipment’s owner manual as the primary reference, and reach out to professionals for expert advice when needed.


  1. “Maintaining Your Seeding Equipment.” South Dakota State University Extension – Extension Extra, vol. 12001, 2012.
  2. “Maintenance and Repairs of Agricultural Machinery.” University of Zimbabwe, College of Agriculture, Engineering & Management Sciences.
  3. “Equipment and Machinery Maintenance Tips for Farmers.” Commodity Classic – America’s Largest Farmer-Led, Farmer-Focused Convention and Trade Show.
  4. Baxter , N. (2023). Disc sowing lessons shared. Retrieved from Disc sowing lessons shared | Groundcover (

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